Femoroacetabular Impingement or FAI is the medical condition affecting the hip joint, where an extra bone grows along either one or both the bones that make the hip joint. These bones tend to have an irregular shape due to this, which causes these bones not to fit together causing them to rub against each other during motion.
This friction between the bones, over time causes joint damage, pain and limited activity.
These bone overgrowth or bone spurs that occur in FAI usually develop around the femoral head and along the acetabulum. There are 3 types of FAI:
Non – Surgical Treatment
The doctors would recommend the following non-surgical treatment:
Surgery is recommended by the doctor when the non-surgical treatment does not help reducing the symptoms. The doctors would go for either Hip Arthroscopic or Open Surgical Debridement, depending on a few factors.
Hip Arthroscopic Debridement
This technique will help in treating many of the FAI issues. This procedure is performed by first creating tiny incisions. A small camera also called Arthroscope is inserted into one of the incisions to get a good view of the damaged area. Flexible and thin instruments are then inserted through these incisions and guided to the damaged area using the arthroscope.
The doctor will then clean or repair the damage present in the labrum and the articular cartilage. The FAI is then corrected by trimming the Acetabulum’s bony rim and also shaving the femoral head’s bump.
In some cases of severe nature, the doctor might perform with bigger incisions.