What is Ankle Osteochondritis?
Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD) is a joint disorder involving the subchondral bone and the overlying articular cartilage. When OCD affects the ankle it is called Ankle Osteochondritis or OCD of the ankle. In Ankle Osteochondritis, it typically occurs in the inner or medial portion of the ankle (Talus). The bone lesions on the lateral or outside portion of the talus occur due to trauma.
Ankle Osteochondritis is often found in young athletes involved in high impact sports like running, gymnastics, hockey, cricket, lacrosse, squash, tennis, weightlifting, football and basketball, which needs a high level of intense training daily and with minimal rest between the activities.
The exact cause of this condition is still unclear but it has been associated with:
The symptoms develops gradually and most patients complain of
Diagnosis and Treatment
The doctor will do a physical evaluation of the patient, based on the symptoms, limited range of motion, pain or swelling, tenderness and weakness of the ankle.
Some physical examinations performed by the doctor are:
The following tests are also performed to confirm diagnosis: