The shoulder joint is the most mobile joint and its multi-directional mobility has made it vulnerable to trauma. The injuries to the shoulder range from a dislocated shoulder, ligament and tendon tears and fractures to the shoulder blade and collar bone.
Fractures are the most common of shoulder injuries and involve broken bones. Fractures to the shoulder can be caused by a direct blow to the area either from a fall, a collision or a vehicle accident. The fractures usually involve the collar bone (clavicle), top of the upper arm bone (proximal humerus) and shoulder blade (scapula).
The treatment of the fractures depends on the type of fracture.
Clavicle Fractures can be treated by two methods:
FRACTURE AROUND SHOULDER
The patient will have to visit the doctor regularly for follow up care until the fracture heals.
The most common procedure used to treat clavicle fractures is Open Reduction and Internal Fixation. In this procedure, the bone fragments are repositioned to their normal alignment initially and then the bone pieces are held in place using special metal hardware.
The two types of materials used for internal fixation are:
These fractures can be treated by the following methods:
Most of the scapula fractures do not need surgery for the treatment. This involves immobilizing the shoulder with a sling or a shoulder immobilizer, icing and also pain medications. The patients will then be examined for additional injuries. The doctor might recommend passive stretching exercises. The recovery might take some months.
Around 10 to 20 percentage of scapula fractures would need surgery. The fractures that need surgery are:
During these surgeries, the bone fragments are repositioned in their normal alignment and held together by metal plates and screws attached to the outer bone surface.
Proximal humerus Fractures;