Swimming is one of the most low-impact fitness activities, which is also recommended as a recovery or training activity for other sports. But like any other activity, it is also prone to injuries especially in competitive swimmers.
Some of the common injuries from swimming are:
This includes a range of shoulder injuries, usually caused by overuse and incorrect stroke technique. Pain, fatigue and inflammation of the shoulders and the surrounding muscles are its symptoms. In chronic cases there can be labral tears and rotator cuff tears .
Pain and inflammation develops in and around the knee, which could be due to wide kick and over-rotation of the knees during breaststroke.
This occurs due to poor technique, especially in freestyle stroke, where the head should be in line with spine with eyes looking straight down.
Swimmers complain of back pain due to hyperextension or stretching for long periods during front strokes, sign of improper technique. There will be pain while getting in or out of the pool. Some of the injuries include:
This is a short-lived itchy skin rash, of small reddish pimples, is caused by parasites, which clears up within a few days but is not contagious.
The leg or arm muscles involuntarily contracts and doesn’t relax, leading to pain, sudden stiff and tight muscles and restricted movement.
The main causes for the Swimming injuries are:
Some of the other factors for injuries in swimming are:
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